Robot development history

After hitting a record high on May 15, the robot stock price fell 1.61 yuan or 4.07% yesterday, closing at 37.99 yuan, the drop in the forefront of the two meltdown. Considering that the resistance of the 40-yuan integer psychological barrier is strong, the stock may face a shock in the short term.

With the gradual maturity of overseas 3D printing technology and the widespread publicity of the media, the “3D printing concept” has been recognized by most market participants.

Robot 37.98-1.51-3.82%

And expectation. Coupled with the high gross profit and high growth precedent of 3D printing companies in the United States, investors are also looking forward to the development prospects of the "3D printing concept stocks" company. In this context, the robot stock price has accelerated from the big environment to the good Dongfeng since December 4 last year, and the stock price hit a record high on May 15, with a cumulative increase of 74.83%.

Recently, the intelligent robot theme “Minimally Invasive Medical Robot ” project led by the 863 Program was held, which also explained the support of national policies for the development of the robot industry. In the medium to long term, the development space for robots and other related concept stocks still exists. But recently, considering that the company's stock price has risen in the early stage, and the stock price is close to the psychological barrier of 40 yuan, the short-term inevitable shocks, the long position suggests to properly fall into the bag.

Article link: China Instrument Network http://

Intelligent robots are the most complex robots, and they are also the machine friends that humans are most eager to make. However, it is not easy to create an intelligent robot. It is only for the machine to simulate the walking movement of human beings. Scientists have to pay tens or even hundreds of years of effort.

In 10 years, Czechoslovak writer Karel Chapek created "robots" in his science fiction novels based on Robota (Czech, meaning "labor, hard work") and Robotnik (Polish, originally intended as "workers"). "this phrase.

Elektro, a home robot made by Westinghouse Electric, was exhibited at the 11th World Expo in New York. It is controlled by cable, can walk, can say 77 words, and even smoke, but it is still far from the real housework. But it makes people's jealousy of home robots more specific.

In 12 years, American science fiction master Asimov proposed "three laws of robots." Although this was only a creation in science fiction, it became the default R&D principle in academia.

In 13 years, Norbert Wiener published "Control Theory - Science on Control and Communication in Animals and Machines", expounding the common law of communication and control functions in machines and human nerves and sensory functions. Computer-centric automation factory.

In 14 years, American George Dvor created the world's first programmable robot (the world's first real robot) and registered a patent. This type of robot can perform different tasks according to different procedures, so it is versatile and flexible.

At the Dartmouth meeting in 15 years, Marvin Minsky put forward his view of intelligent machines: intelligent machines "can create abstract models of the surrounding environment, and if they encounter problems, they can find solutions from abstract models" . This definition affects the research direction of intelligent robots in the next 30 years.

In 1959, Dvor and the American inventor Joseph Ingenberg teamed up to create the first industrial robot . Subsequently, Unimation, the world's first robot manufacturing plant, was established. Because of Ingeberg's research and development and promotion of industrial robots, he is also known as the "father of industrial robots."

In 1962, the American company AMF produced "VERSTRAN" (meaning universal handling). Like Unimate's Unimate, it became a truly commercial industrial robot and exported to countries all over the world, setting off a worldwide wave of research on robots and robots.

The application of sensors from 1962 to 1963 improved the operability of robots. People tried to install a variety of sensors on the robot, including the tactile sensor used by Ernst in 1961. Tomovic and Boni used the pressure sensor in the world's first "dexterous hand" in 1962, and McCarthy In 1963, the visual sensing system was added to the robot, and in 1964, MIT was introduced to introduce the world's first robotic system with a visual sensor that recognizes and locates the building blocks.

In 1965, the Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory developed the Beast robot. Beast has been able to correct its position according to the environment through sonar systems, photocells and other devices. Beginning in the mid-1960s, the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Stanford University, and the University of Edinburgh in the United Kingdom established robotics laboratories. The United States has raised the second generation of robots with sensors and "feelings" and is moving toward artificial intelligence.

In 1968, the Stanford Research Institute of the United States announced their successful development of the robot Shakey. It comes with a visual sensor that finds and grabs blocks based on human commands, but the computer that controls it is as big as a room. Shakey can be regarded as the world's first intelligent robot, which kicked off the development of the third generation of robots.

In 1969, Kato Ichiro Laboratory of Waseda University in Japan developed the first robot to walk on two feet. Kato Ichiro has long been committed to researching humanoid robots and is known as the "father of humanoid robots." Japanese experts have always been known for developing technologies for humanoid robots and entertainment robots . Later, they further developed Honda's ASIMO and Sony's QRIO.

Sony QRIO robot

In 1973, the world's first robot and small computer worked together to create the robot T3 from Cincinnati Milacron.

In 1978, Unimation Corporation of the United States launched the PUMA, a general industrial robot, which marked the full maturity of industrial robot technology . PUMA still works at the front line of the factory.

In 1984, Ingerberg pushed the robot Helpmate, which can deliver food, deliver medicine, and send mail to patients in the hospital. In the same year, he also predicted: "I want the robot to clean the floor, cook, go out to help me wash the car, check the safety."

In 1990, Professor Zhou Haizhong, a famous Chinese scholar, predicted in the article "On Robots": By the middle of the 21st century, nano-robots will completely change human labor and lifestyle.

In 1998, Lego Denmark introduced the Mind-storms kit, which makes robot manufacturing the same as building blocks. It is relatively simple and can be assembled at will, allowing robots to enter the personal world.

Sony AIBO robot

In 1999, Sony Corporation of Japan launched the dog-type robot Aibo (AIBO), which was sold out immediately. Since then, the entertainment robot has become one of the ways for robots to enter the ordinary family.

In 2002, iRobot introduced the vacuum cleaner Robot Roomba, which can avoid obstacles, automatically design the route of travel, and automatically drive to the charging stand when the battery is low. Roomba is currently the world's largest and most commercial home robot. iRobot Beijing authorized agent: Beijing Weiwang Zhihong Technology Co., Ltd.

In June 2006, Microsoft introduced Microsoft RoboticsStudio. The trend of robot modularization and platform unification became more and more obvious. Bill Gates predicted that home robots will soon sweep the world.

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